Friday, November 14, 2008

Culture in Bali

Balinese culture was strongly influenced by Indian and Chinese, and particularly Hindu culture, in a process beginning around the 1st century AD. The name Balidwipa has been discovered from various inscriptions, including the Blanjong charter issued by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 913 AD and mentioning Walidwipa.

It was during this time that the complex irrigation system "subak" was developed to grow rice. That's a very famous irrigation system in Indonesia originally foro Bali.

Some religious and cultural traditions still in existence today can be traced back to this period. Every year, Balinese celebrate the new year of Hindu called Nyepi. They celebrate in the spring by a day of silence. On that day, there aren't any people on the road. Every body have to stay at home, and the tourist stay at hotel to respect the religion.

The Hindu Majapahit Empire (1293–1520 AD) on eastern Java founded a Balinese colony in 1343. When the empire declined, there was an exodus of intellectuals, artists, priests and musicians from Java to Bali in the 15th century.

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